Africa Now October 28, 2015
Topics: Elections in Haiti and Tanzania; and Referendum on Presidential Term Limit in the Republic of Congo.
Today Africa Now! starts with voting in Tanzania. Three days ago on Sunday, October 25, Tanzanians went to the polls for the fifth time in the multi-party era to elect a new President (incumbent President Jakaya Kikwete cannot run due to term limit), Members of Parliament, and local councilors. In this general election Cha Chama Mapinduzi (CCM--Party of the Revolution), the party that has led Tanzania since independence in 1961 facesd its toughest challenge from the opposition coalition known as UKAWA led by Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Chadema--Party for Democracy and Progress). Other parties of the opposition coalition are the Civic United Front (CUF), the National Convention for Construction and Reform–Mageuzi (NCCR–Mageuzi) and the National League for Democracy (NLD). The leading Presidential candidates are John Magufuli of the governing CCM and Edward Lowassa of Chadema-led opposition coalition.
The African World this past Sunday October 25 also featured the first round of the presidential election in Haiti in which incumbent President Michel Martelly cannot participate. The Haitian selection process also included people voting for local (municipal), representatives and second round of the legislative elections in places that had normal procedures on first round of the legislative elections on August 9. Many in the civic society community saw the legislative elections of August 9 flawed as they were marred by bureaucratic missteps, fraud and violence. The day also featured voting in places that failed to conduct the legislative elections on August 9.
Sunday, October 25 also witnessed a referendum on presidential term limit in the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) to enable the incumbent President Sassou Nguesso to run for a third term in next year. The referendum was preceded by protests last week in which five people were according to government officials but the opposition says over 20 were killed by security forces who used live ammunition on demonstrators. Republic of Congo’s electoral commission reported that that 72 percent of the 1.8 million registered voters took part in the referendum and that 92 percent of those who voted opted for constitutional change to enable the incumbent President Sassou Nguesso to run for a third term. Opposition groups have disputed the referendum figures because they state that people heeded the call to boycott process.
Guests: Dr. Teylama Miabey, is the National Coordinator of the National Congress for Democracy—a Congolese organization. Dr. Miabey is also Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics of Howard University’s College of Arts and Sciences. Ms. Nicole Phillips, Esq. is Staff Attorney, at the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti (IJDH). Ms. Phillips is also Assistant Director of Haiti programs and adjunct professor at the University of San Francisco, as well as a law professor at the Université de la Foundation Dr. Aristide (UNIFA) in Port-au-Prince. Mr. Deus Valentine is an independent analyst who has been coordinating an election observation center in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Originally broadcast on WPFW 89.3FM, Washington, DC. Tune into Africa Now! live on WPFW 89.3 FM in the Washington, DC Metropolitan area or visit www.wpfwfm.org on Wednesdays from 1:00 to 2:00PM (Eastern).